James was the half-brother of Jesus Christ. “James, a bond-servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes who are dispersed abroad: Greetings” (Jas 1:1). He was led to write this Epistle to the Christians who were saved out of Judaism and had fled from the Holy Land in A.D. 44 when the Churches of Judea were exposed to the persecution inflicted by Herod Agrippa, in which James, the son of Zebedee, was murdered. “Now about that time Herod the king laid hands on some who belonged to the church in order to mistreat them. And he had James the brother of John put to death with a sword” (Acts 12:1). This epistle is applicable to you, even though written to Jewish Christians, since testings and persecutions are experienced by all faithful followers of Jesus Christ.

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